Gender Imbalance in Matrubhoomi: A Nation Without Women


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The 2003 Bollywood film “Matrubhoomi: A Nation Without Women” directed by Manish Jha is a powerful and thought-provoking movie that delves into the dark consequences of gender imbalance and female infanticide. The movie is set in a fictional village in India where there are no women left due to years of female infanticide, leading to a society with disturbing practices and a bleak future.

The Plot

In the movie, the protagonist Kalki is the youngest son in a family with five brothers. There are no women left in the village, and the men are desperate for female companionship. The family patriarch, played by Sudhir Pandey, decides to purchase a young girl, Preeti, played by Tulip Joshi, to be the bride for all the brothers. Preeti goes through unimaginable suffering and abuse as she is passed around from one brother to another.

As the story unfolds, we witness the horrors of a society where women are treated as commodities and objects for sexual gratification. The movie depicts the brutality and inhumanity that arise when there is a severe gender imbalance and the value of women is reduced to mere reproduction and pleasure.

Social Commentary

“Matrubhoomi” shines a light on the deep-rooted patriarchy in many societies and the consequences of son preference. The movie reflects the harsh reality of places where female infanticide is still practiced, leading to skewed sex ratios and a host of social issues. It raises important questions about gender equality, women’s rights, and the impact of gender imbalance on society as a whole.

Real-World Relevance

Though “Matrubhoomi” is a work of fiction, it draws inspiration from real-world scenarios where the preference for male children has led to alarming gender imbalances in countries like India and China. These gender disparities have far-reaching consequences, including increased violence against women, trafficking, forced marriages, and social unrest.

Addressing the Issue

To combat gender imbalance and female infanticide, it is crucial to challenge deep-rooted cultural beliefs that devalue women and perpetuate discrimination. Education, awareness campaigns, legal reforms, and empowerment programs are essential in changing mindsets and promoting gender equality. It is also important to celebrate the value of girls and women in society and provide equal opportunities for all gender.


In conclusion, “Matrubhoomi: A Nation Without Women” is a poignant portrayal of the dire consequences of gender imbalance and female infanticide. The movie serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of upholding women’s rights and promoting gender equality. It is a call to action to address deep-seated issues that perpetuate gender disparities and discrimination. Only through collective efforts can we build a more inclusive and equitable society where every individual is valued and respected, regardless of their gender.


1. What is gender imbalance?
Gender imbalance refers to the unequal distribution of males and females in a population, often resulting from societal preferences for one gender over the other.

2. What are the causes of gender imbalance?
Causes of gender imbalance include cultural norms favoring male children, leading to practices like female infanticide, sex-selective abortions, and unequal access to resources for girls.

3. What are the consequences of gender imbalance?
Consequences of gender imbalance can include increased violence against women, human trafficking, forced marriages, social unrest, and a range of negative impacts on society as a whole.

4. How can we address gender imbalance?
Addressing gender imbalance requires challenging cultural beliefs, promoting gender equality through education and awareness, implementing legal reforms, and empowering women and girls to have equal opportunities.

5. Why is gender equality important?
Gender equality is important for creating a just and inclusive society where all individuals have the same rights, opportunities, and treatment, regardless of their gender.

6. What role does media play in addressing gender imbalance?
Media can play a significant role in raising awareness about gender imbalance, challenging stereotypes, and promoting positive representations of women to help shift societal perceptions and norms.

7. How can individuals contribute to promoting gender equality?
Individuals can contribute to promoting gender equality by challenging gender stereotypes, supporting organizations that empower women and girls, advocating for equal rights, and being mindful of their own biases and behaviors.

8. Why is it important to educate future generations about gender equality?
Educating future generations about gender equality is crucial for building a more inclusive and equitable society, as young people have the power to shape attitudes and behaviors that can lead to positive social change.

9. What are some successful initiatives that have helped address gender imbalance?
Initiatives such as girl child education programs, campaigns against female infanticide, women’s empowerment projects, and advocacy for gender-sensitive policies have shown positive results in addressing gender imbalance and promoting equality.

10. How can policymakers contribute to reducing gender imbalance?
Policymakers can contribute to reducing gender imbalance by enacting and enforcing laws that protect women’s rights, promoting gender-sensitive policies, investing in girls’ education and healthcare, and supporting initiatives that empower women economically and socially.

Diya Patel
Diya Patel
Diya Patеl is an еxpеriеncеd tеch writеr and AI еagеr to focus on natural languagе procеssing and machinе lеarning. With a background in computational linguistics and machinе lеarning algorithms, Diya has contributеd to growing NLP applications.

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